Cavite Province and Its History – Conclusion

On August 28, 1896, when the revolution against Spain broke out, Cavite became a bloody theater of war. Emilio Aguinaldo led the  Caviteños on lightning raids on Spanish headquarters and soon liberated the entire province through the Battle of Alapan. The rivalry between Emilio Aguinaldo and Andres Bonifacio became intense after a split in revolutionary … More Cavite Province and Its History – Conclusion

Cavite Province and Its History – Part IV

The Philippine Revolution started in 1896 when a small, flamboyant general, Emilio Aguinaldo (1869-1964) of Kawit, came to prominence as he led the Katipuneros in taking Kawit, Binakayan, and several other settlements. His success made Cavite the focal point of the revolution. Shortly before the Katipunan was uncovered, Emilio Aguinaldo planned to attack the Spanish … More Cavite Province and Its History – Part IV

Cavite Province and Its History – Part III

In 1869, the Spanish Cortes recognized individual freedom of expression, association, and worship, legalized civil marriage, and introduced the jury system. A wealthy liberal, Carlos Maria de la Torre, was sent to the Philippines as the new governor-general. Once installed, de la Torre banned flogging in the military, lifted restrictions on the press, public demonstrations, … More Cavite Province and Its History – Part III

Cavite Province and Its History – Part I

Cavite province extends south of Manila along Manila Bay and includes Corregidor Island, and bounds the provinces of Rizal, Laguna, and Batangas. The proximity of Manila provides a job and agricultural market, particularly for coastal residents. In 1954, Trece Martires City was created as a planned capital city from portions of Tanza, Indang, Naic, and … More Cavite Province and Its History – Part I

A tribute to my parents on their 79th wedding anniversary if they are here today

With the war going on in Ukraine, I thought of the war in the Philippines when I was a baby. War is a terrible thing, and in memory of my parent’s 79th wedding anniversary, I’m reposting this story of how Dad’s decision saved our lives from the massacre. Otherwise, my three brothers and I won’t … More A tribute to my parents on their 79th wedding anniversary if they are here today

General Macario Sakay – Was He an Outlaw or a Patriot?

General Macario Sakay y de Leon was born on Mar. 1, 1878, along Tabora Street in Tondo, Manila. and died 114 years ago today on Sept. 13, 1907, at age 29. He first worked as an apprentice in a kalesa (carriage) manufacturing shop. He was also a tailor, a barber, and a stage actor. Sakay … More General Macario Sakay – Was He an Outlaw or a Patriot?

General Miguel Malvar and the Philippine Revolution – Conclusion

On February 23, General Antonio Luna needed Malvar and his unit to participate in a Filipino counterattack planned to regain ground lost earlier by Filipinos and capture Manila. However, the Filipino offensive collapsed. In mid-March, an expeditionary force under Brig. Gen. Loyd Wheaton moved eastward, clearing Filipino troops from the vicinity of the Pasig River, … More General Miguel Malvar and the Philippine Revolution – Conclusion

General Miguel Malvar and the Philippine Revolution – Part 1

Not generally known are the historical facts that Miguel Malvar succeeded Aguinaldo as president of the Philippine Republic, the last revolutionary general to lay down his arms in the war against Spain, and the last Filipino rebel to surrender to the Americans. Malvar was born in Barrio San Miguel, Santo Tomas, Batangas, on September 27, … More General Miguel Malvar and the Philippine Revolution – Part 1

Iloilo – The Heart of the Philippines

Iloilo City, the capital of Iloilo province, is on the southeast coast of Panay, the Ilonggos or Hiligaynons’ homeland. Iloilo City is on the Iloilo River’s wide mouth, which juts out into the Guimaras Strait. The offshore Guimaras Island shelters it. Iloilo is one of the country’s loveliest Spanish colonial settlements. Iloilo City is a … More Iloilo – The Heart of the Philippines

January 23, 1899 – Inauguration of the First Philippine Republic in Malolos

Malolos, the provincial capital of Bulacan, was a political center in the 19th century for being the seat of government for Emilio Aguinaldo’s first Philippine Republic and Asia’s first democracy. It is the leading historical site in the province of Bulacan. For four months in 1898-99, Malolos was the capital of the Republic. After the … More January 23, 1899 – Inauguration of the First Philippine Republic in Malolos