General Macario Sakay – Was He an Outlaw or a Patriot?

General Macario Sakay y de Leon was born on Mar. 1, 1878, along Tabora Street in Tondo, Manila. and died 114 years ago today on Sept. 13, 1907, at age 29. He first worked as an apprentice in a kalesa (carriage) manufacturing shop. He was also a tailor, a barber, and a stage actor. Sakay … More General Macario Sakay – Was He an Outlaw or a Patriot?

General Miguel Malvar and the Philippine Revolution – Conclusion

On February 23, General Antonio Luna needed Malvar and his unit to participate in a Filipino counterattack planned to regain ground lost earlier by Filipinos and capture Manila. However, the Filipino offensive collapsed. In mid-March, an expeditionary force under Brig. Gen. Loyd Wheaton moved eastward, clearing Filipino troops from the vicinity of the Pasig River, … More General Miguel Malvar and the Philippine Revolution – Conclusion

General Miguel Malvar and the Philippine Revolution – Part II

After the revolt of South America and Mexico from Spain, the Philippines became Spain’s richest possession, and the spirit of colonial exploitation grew. In 1896 the Filipinos, led by Emilio Aguinaldo, revolted. Reforms, as promised by the Spaniards in the Pact of Biak-Na-Bato, were very slow in coming, and small bands of rebels, distrustful of … More General Miguel Malvar and the Philippine Revolution – Part II

General Miguel Malvar and the Philippine Revolution – Part 1

Not generally known are the historical facts that Miguel Malvar succeeded Aguinaldo as president of the Philippine Republic, the last revolutionary general to lay down his arms in the war against Spain, and the last Filipino rebel to surrender to the Americans. Malvar was born in Barrio San Miguel, Santo Tomas, Batangas, on September 27, … More General Miguel Malvar and the Philippine Revolution – Part 1

Magellan Introduced Christianity to the Philippines 500 years ago

Islam predated the arrival of Christianity in the Philippines by at least a century and a half. Towards the end of the fourteenth century, Muslim missionaries from Islamic countries of Malaysia and Indonesia brought Islam to the southern Philippines, even reaching Palawan, Mindoro, and Luzon’s east coast, notably Maynila (the present-day Manila). With Islamicized communities … More Magellan Introduced Christianity to the Philippines 500 years ago

Iloilo – The Heart of the Philippines

Iloilo City, the capital of Iloilo province, is on the southeast coast of Panay, the Ilonggos or Hiligaynons’ homeland. Iloilo City is on the Iloilo River’s wide mouth, which juts out into the Guimaras Strait. The offshore Guimaras Island shelters it. Iloilo is one of the country’s loveliest Spanish colonial settlements. Iloilo City is a … More Iloilo – The Heart of the Philippines

January 23, 1899 – Inauguration of the First Philippine Republic in Malolos

Malolos, the provincial capital of Bulacan, was a political center in the 19th century for being the seat of government for Emilio Aguinaldo’s first Philippine Republic and Asia’s first democracy. It is the leading historical site in the province of Bulacan. For four months in 1898-99, Malolos was the capital of the Republic. After the … More January 23, 1899 – Inauguration of the First Philippine Republic in Malolos

Batangas Province During The Spanish Regime

Large centers of population already thrived in Batangas before the Spaniards arrived. Native settlements lined the Pansipit River, a major waterway near Taal Lake. Batangas first came to be known as Bombon. It was named after Taal Lake, which was also originally called Bombon. Some of the earliest settlements in Batangas were established in the … More Batangas Province During The Spanish Regime

The Provisional Recon Platoon – Spearhead of the Los Banos Raid

I was just reading Pacific Paratrooper’s blog by GP Cox when I saw the farewell salutes. One of them is Terry Santos. I remember the name from the Los Baños rescue mission. I searched my archives and I saw this article by Terry Santos himself about that raid. I’m reprinting it in his memory. Two … More The Provisional Recon Platoon – Spearhead of the Los Banos Raid